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Beautiful Paphiopedilum Slipper Orchid

2019-03-22

Aliases: Slipper Orchid, Beautiful Cymbidium


Family Genus Paphiopedilum


Morphological characteristics:


The beautiful Paphiopedilum is a perennial herb. Leaves linear, about 20 cm long, dark green, green and white leaves back. The stem is 20 cm long and greenish white. Flowers solitary, yellow-green, with brown markings. Flowering from October to next March.


The winter flower buds are drawn out and they are uniquely flowery.


Paphiopedilum is more common in foreign countries, especially in Europe, America and Japan. Mainly hybrids and improved species, often with potted flowers to supply the market. Since the 1980s in the country, through the survey of flower resources, many native species with high ornamental value have been discovered in the southwest region. At present, the domestic market is mainly dominated by native species, and there is a small amount of exports, and a small number of hybrid improved species have also been introduced.


As the beautiful Paphiopedilum plants are small and exquisite, and their flowering period is long, they are valued by enthusiasts. The market has a certain amount of demand and it is one of the species of orchids worth developing and producing.


Biological characteristics:


Paphiopedilum is native to the Asian tropical and subtropical regions, some of which grow on the ground, and some of which are attached to the tree or rock surface. Naturally grown in a moist, semi-shady environment with scattered light. Direct sunlight and arid climate are extremely detrimental to the growth of the Paphiopedilum. Paphiopedilum hi warm environment, growth temperature from March to September is 16 ~ 18 °C, from September to March of the following year is 12 ~ 16 °C. In winter temperatures, the nighttime low temperature of green leaf Paphiopedilum is above 5°C in winter and the night temperature of leaf-type Paphiopedilum is no lower than 10°C. However, a few hardy species, such as hard-leaf Paphiopedilum, have a winter night temperature of not less than 5°C, a short-term tolerance of 0°C, and no frost damage. However, when the temperature in winter is often between 1 and 2°C, the leaves will wither and fall off. If the temperature is 20 °C, it is difficult to form flower buds, and it is also prone to rot. It is ideal for fertile, drainable rotted leaf soils to grow, and peat, moss, or fern roots can also be used. Avoid heavy, poorly drained, viscous soils.


Common sibling ornamental native species:


Paphiopedilum (P. emersonii), green leaves, purple back, white flowers with purple spots, flowering from June to August.


Paphiopedilum (P.concolor), light yellow, purple-brown spots on outer sides, and ovate cheeks.


The Hong Kong Paphiopedilum (P. purpuratum) is a pale green with dark green markings, with white strips of purple stripes, petal dark purple with brown-purple markings, flowering from September to January of the following year.


P. applentonum, with dark purple patches on leaves, purple-brown.


P. armeniacum, apricot yellow, flower diameter 6 to 10 cm.


P. parishii, 12 cm long, drooping and curled petals linear, yellow-green, with purple-brown markings.


P. micranthum, pink flowers, pocket length 5 cm, width 4 cm, flower diameter 7 ~ 8 cm.


P. dianthum, yellow-green, long petals, drape, twisted, banded.


P. hirsutissinum, with green flowers, small purple dots and pocketed pockets.


Common hybrids:


Planar, flower red. Suwada, flower red.


Sacrament, large flowers, yellow-green, lip pouch. Delrosi, pink flowers.


Albion, white, with red and green flowers.


Sanderae, yellow flowers, with deep yellow stripes.


Oedipe, copper-brown, with deep purple stripes.


Camarin, yellow-white, with purple-brown markings.


Olivia, pale pink with purple stripes.




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